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Wells, J.L., Haase, C.M., Rothwell, E.S., Naugle, K.G., Otero, M.C., Brown, C.L., Lai, J., Chen K-H, Connelly, D.E., Grimm, K.J., Levenson, R.W., Fredrickson, B.L. Positivity resonance in long-term married couples: Multimodal characteristics and consequences for health and longevity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. [PDF]

Sideman, A.B.*, Wells, J.L.*, Merrilees, J., Shdo, S.M., Yee, C.I., Possin, K.L., Levenson, R.W. Pronoun Use Among Caregivers of People Living with Dementia: Associations with Dementia Severity Using Text Analysis of a Natural Language Sample. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders EXTRA. [PDF]


Chen, K.-H., Hua, A.Y. Toller, G., Lwi, S.J., Otero, M.C., Haase, C.M., Rankin, K.P., Rosen, H.J., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2022). Diminished preparatory physiological responses in frontotemporal lobar degeneration syndromes. Brain Communications. [PDF]

Chen, K.-H.*, Casey, J.J.*, Connelly, D.E., Merrilees, J., Yang, C.-M., Miller, B. & Levenson, R.W. (2022). Lower activity linkage between caregivers and persons with neurodegenerative diseases is associated with greater caregiver anxiety. Psychophysiology. [PDF]


Hua, A.Y., Wells, J.L., Brown, C.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2021). Emotional and Cognitive Empathy in Caregivers of People With Neurodegenerative Disease: Relationships With Caregiver Mental Health. Clinical Psychological Science. [PDF]

Brown, C.L., Chen, K.-H., Wells, J.L., Otero, M.C., Levenson, R.W., & Fredrickson, B.L. (2021). Shared Emotions in Shared Lives: Moments of Co-experienced Affect, More than Individually-experienced Affect, Linked to Relationship Quality. Emotion. [PDF]


Brown, C. L.*, Hua, A. Y.*, De Coster, L., Sturm, V. E., Kramer, J. H., Rosen, H. J., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2020). Comparing two facets of emotion perception across multiple Neurodegenerative Diseases. Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience. [PDF]

Chen, K.H., Brown, C.L., Wells, J.L., Rothwell, E.S., Otero, M.C., Levenson, R.W., & Fredrickson, B.L. (2020). Physiological linkage during shared positive and shared negative emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. [PDF]

Brown, C.L., Van Doren, N., Ford, B.Q., Mauss, I.B., Sze, J.W., & Levenson, R.W. (2020). Coherence between subjective experience and physiology in emotion: Individual differences and implications for well-being. Emotion, 20, 818-829. [PDF]

Chen, K.H.*, Hua, A.Y.*, Lwi, S.J., Haase, C.M., Rosen, H.J., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2020). Smaller Volume in Left-Lateralized Brain Structures Correlates with Greater Experience of Negative Non-target Emotions in Neurodegenerative Diseases. Cerebral Cortex. [PDF]

Gruber, J., Prinstein, M.J., Clark, L.A., Rottenberg, J., Abramowitz, J.S., Albano, A.M., Aldao, A., Borelli, J.L., Chung, T., Davila, J., Forbes, E.E., Gee, D.G., Hall, G.C.N., Hallion, L.S., Hinshaw, S.P., Hofmann, S.G., Hollon, S.D., Joormann, J., Kazdin, A.E., Klein, D.N., La Greca, A.M., Levenson, R.W., MacDonald, A.W., McKay, D., McLaughlin, K.A., Mendle, J., Miller, A.B., Neblett, E.W., Nock, M., Olatunji, B.O., Persons, J.B., Rozek, D.C., Schleider, J.L., Slavich, G.M., Teachman, B.A., Vine, V., & Weinstock, L.M. (2020). Mental health and clinical psychological science in the time of COVID-19: Challenges, opportunities, and a call to action. American Psychologist. [PDF]

Connelly, D.E., Verstaen, A., Brown, C.L., Lwi, S.J., & Levenson, R.W. (2020). Pronoun Use during Patient-Caregiver Interactions: Associations with Caregiver Well-Being. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 1-8. [PDF]

Brown, C. L., Wells, J. L., Hua, A. Y., Chen, K. H., Merrilees, J., Miller, B. L., & Levenson, R. W. (2020). Emotion recognition and reactivity in persons with neurodegenerative disease are differentially associated with caregiver health. Gerontologist. [PDF]

Gruber, J., Borelli, J. L., Prinstein, M. J., Clark, L. A., Davila, J., Gee, D. G., Klein, D. N., Levenson, R. W., Mendle, J., Olatunji, B. O., Rose, G. L., Saxbe, D., & Weinstock, L. M. (2020). Best practices in research mentoring in clinical science. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 129, 70-81. [PDF]

Verstaen, A., Haase, C. M., Lwi, S. J., & Levenson, R. W. (2020). Age-related changes in emotional behavior: Evidence from a 13-year longitudinal study of long-term married couples. Emotion, 20, 149-163. [PDF]

Wells, J. L., Hua, A. Y., & Levenson, R. W. (2020). Poor disgust suppression is associated with increased anxiety in caregivers of people with neurodegenerative disease. Journal of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. [PDF]


Brown, C.L., Van Doren, N., Ford, B.Q., Mauss, I.B., Sze, J.W., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). Coherence between subjective experience and physiology in emotion: Individual differences and implications for well-being. Emotion. [PDF]

Levenson, R. W. (2019). Stress and illness: a role for specific emotions. Psychosomatic medicine, 81(8), 720-730. [PDF]

Hua, A. Y., Chen, K. H., Brown, C. L., Lwi, S. J., Casey, J. J., Rosen, H. J., Miller B.L. & Levenson, R. W. (2019). Physiological, behavioral and subjective sadness reactivity in frontotemporal dementia subtypes. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 14, 1453-1465. [PDF]

Hua, A.Y., Wells, J.L., Haase, C.M., Chen, K.H., Rosen, H.J., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). Evaluating Patient Brain and Behavior Pathways to Caregiver Health in Neurodegenerative Diseases. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 47, 42-54. [PDF]

Brown, C.L., Bosley, H.G., Kenyon, A.D., Chen, K.H., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). An idiographic statistical approach to clinical hypothesis testing for routine psychotherapy: A case study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 118, 43-53. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2019). Reflections on 30 years of Cognition & Emotion. Cognition & Emotion, 33, 8-13. [PDF]

Lwi, S. J., Casey, J. J., Verstaen, A., Connelly, D. E., Merrilees, J., & Levenson, R. W. (2019). Genuine smiles by patients during marital interactions are associated with better caregiver mental health. Journal of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 74, 975-987. [PDF]

Wells, J.L., Brown, C.L., Hua, A.Y., Soyster, P.D., Chen, K.H., Dokuru, D.R., Coppola, G., Haase, C.M., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). Neurodegenerative disease caregivers' 5-HTTLPR genotype moderates the effect of patients' empathic accuracy deficits on caregivers' well-Being. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 27, 1046-1056. [PDF]

Otero, M.C., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). Emotion regulation via visual avoidance: Insights from neurological patients. Neuropsychologia, 131, 91-101. [PDF]

Lwi, S.J., Haase, C.M., Shiota, M.N., Newton, S.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). Responding to the emotions of others: Age differences in facial expressions and age-specific associations with relational connectedness. Emotion, 19, 1437-1449. [PDF]

Shiota, M.N., Simpson, M.L., Hirsch, H.E., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). Emotion recognition in objects in patients with neurological disease. Neuropsychology, 33, 1163-1173. [PDF]

Sturm, V.E., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). Neurobiology of positive emotion disruption in neurodegenerative disease. In J. Gruber (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology. New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Otero, M.C., Wells, J.L., Chen, K.-H., Brown, C.L., Connelly, D.E., Levenson, R.W., & Fredrickson, B.L. (2019). Behavioral indices of positivity resonance associated with long-term marital satisfaction. Emotion. [PDF]

Muhtadie, L., Haase, C. M., Verstaen, A., Sturm, V. E., Miller, B. L., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). Neuroanatomy of expressive suppression: The role of the insula. Emotion. [PDF]

Pressman, P.S., Ross, E.D., Cohen, K.B., Chen, K.H., Miller, B.L., Hunter, L.E., Gorno-Tempini, M.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2019). Interpersonal prosodic correlation in frontotemporal dementia. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, 6, 1352-1357. PMCID: PMC6649473. [PDF]


Sturm, V.E., Brown, J.A., Hua, A.Y., Lwi, S.J., Zhou, J., Kurth, F., Eickhoff, S.B., Rosen, H.J., Kramer, J.H., Miller, B.L., Levenson, R.W., & Seeley, W.W. (2018). Network architecture underlying basal autonomic outflow: Evidence from frontotemporal dementia. The Journal of Neuroscience, 38, 8943-8955. [PDF]

Pressman, P.S., Shdo, S., Simpson, M., Chen, K.H., Mielke, C., Miller, B.L., Rankin, K.P., & Levenson, R.W. (2018). Neuroanatomy of shared conversational laughter in neurodegenerative disease. Frontiers of Neurology, 9, 464. [PDF]

Brown, C.L., Lwi, S.J., Goodkind, M.S., Rankin, K.P., Merrilees, J., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2018). Empathic accuracy deficits in patients with neurodegenerative disease: Association with caregiver depression. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 26, 484-493. [PDF]


Chen, K.*, Wells, J.*, Otero, M., Lwi, S., Haase, C., & Levenson, R. W. (2017). Greater experience of non-target negative emotions in patients with neurodegenerative diseases is related to lower emotional well-being in caregivers. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 44, 245-255. [PDF]

Lwi, S. J.*, Ford, B. Q.*, Casey, J. J., Miller, B. L., & Levenson, R. W. (2017). Poor caregiver mental health predicts mortality of patients with neurodegenerative disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 7319-7324. [PDF]

Otero, M.C., & Levenson, R.W. (2017). Lower Visual Avoidance in Dementia Patients Is Associated with Greater Psychological Distress in Caregivers. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 43, 247–258. [PDF]

Chen, K., Lwi, S.J., Hua, A.Y., Haase, C.M., Miller, B.L., Levenson, R.W. (2017). Increased subjective experience of non-target emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 15, 77-84. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Lwi, S.J., Brown, C.L., Ford, B.Q., Otero, M., Verstaen, A. (2017). Emotion. In Cacioppo, J. T., Tassinary, L. G., & Berntson, G. (Eds.). Handbook of Psychophysiology. (pp. 444-464). New York: Cambridge University Press. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2017). Clinical psychology training: Accreditation and beyond. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 13, 1-22. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2017). Do you believe the field of psychological science is headed in the right direction? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12, 675-679. [PDF]

Pressman, P.S., Simpson, M., Gola, K., Shdo, S.M., Spinelli, E.G., Miller, B.L., Gorno-Tempini, M.L., Rankin, K., & Levenson, R.W. (2017). Observing conversational laughter in frontotemporal dementia. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 88, 418-424. [PDF]

Scherling, C.S., Zakrzewski, J., Datta, S., Levenson, R.W., Shimamura, A.P., Sturm, V.E., Miller, B.L., & Rosen, H.J. (2017). Mistakes, too few to mention? Impaired self-conscious emotional processing of errors in the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia. Frontiers of Behavioral Neuroscience, 11, 189. [PDF]


Perry, A., Lwi, S. J., Verstaen, A., Dewar, C., Levenson, R. W., & Knight, R. T. (2016). The role of the orbitofrontal cortex in regulation of interpersonal space: evidence from frontal lesion and frontotemporal dementia patients. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11, 1894-1901.  [PDF]

Verstaen, A., Eckart, J.A., Muhtadie, L., Otero, M.C., Sturm, V.E., Haase, C.M., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2016). Insular atrophy and diminished disgust reactivity. Emotion, 16, 903–912. [PDF]

Sturm, V. E., Haase, C. M., & Levenson, R. W. (2016). Emotional dysfunction in psychopathology and neuropathology: Neural and genetic pathways. In T. Lehner, B. L. Miller, & M. W. State (Eds.).  Genomics, Circuits, and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry. (pp.345-364). Amsterdam: Elsevier. [PDF]

Haase, C. M., Holley, S. R., Bloch, L., Verstaen, A., & Levenson, R. W. (2016). Interpersonal emotional behaviors and physical health: A 20-year longitudinal study of long-term married couples. Emotion, 16, 965-977. [PDF]

Guo, C.C., Sturm, V.E., Zhou, J., Gennatas, E.D., Trujillo, A.J., Hua, A.Y., Crawford, R., Stables, L., Kramer, J.H., Rankin, K., Levenson, R.W., Rosen, H.J., Miller, B.L., & Seeley, W.W. (2016). Dominant hemisphere lateralization of cortical parasympathetic control as revealed by frontotemporal dementia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 113, 2430-2439. [PDF]


Goodkind, M.S., Sturm, V.E., Ascher, E.A., Shdo, S.M., Miller, B.L., Rankin, K.P., Levenson, R.W. (2015). Emotion recognition in frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer’s disease: A new film-based assessment. Emotion, 15, 416-427. [PDF]

Haase, C.M., Beerman, U., Saslow, L.R., Shiota, M.N., Saturn, S.R., Lwi, S.J., Casey, J.J., Nguyen, N.K., Whalen, P.K., Keltner, D.J., Levenson, R.W. (2015). Short alleles, bigger smiles? Effects of 5-HTTLPR on positive emotional expressions. Emotion, 15, 438-448. [PDF]

Sturm, V.E., Yokoyama, J.S., Eckart, J.A., Zakrzewski, J., Rosen, H.J., Miller, B.L., Seeley, W.W., & Levenson, R.W. (2015). Damage to left frontal regulatory circuits produces greater positive emotional reactivity in frontotemporal dementia. Cortex, 64, 55-67. [PDF]

Woolley, J.D., Strobl, E.V., Sturm, V.E., Shany-Ur, T., Poorzand, P., Grossman, S., Nguyen, L., Eckart, J.A., Levenson, R.W., Seeley, W.W., Miller, B.L., & Rankin, K.P. (2015). Impaired recognition and regulation of disgust is associated with distinct but partially overlapping patterns of decreased gray matter volume in the ventroanterior insula. Biological Psychiatry, 78, 505-514. [PDF]


Bloch, L., Haase, C.M., & Levenson, R.W. (2014). Emotion regulation predicts marital satisfaction: More than a wives’ tale. Emotion, 14, 130-144. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2014). The future of clinical science training: New challenges and opportunities. Clinical Psychological Science, 2, 35-45. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2014). The autonomic nervous system and emotion. Emotion Review, 6, 100-112. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2014). Emotion and the autonomic nervous system: Introduction to the special section. Emotion Review, 6, 91-92. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Sturm, V.E., & Haase, C.M. (2014). Emotional and behavioral symptoms in neurodegenerative disease: A model for studying the neural bases of psychopathology. In T.D. Cannon & T. Widiger (Eds.). Annual Review of Clinical Psychology.  (pp. 581-606), Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews. [PDF]

Levenson, R. W. (2014). Mistakes That Grant Proposers Make. In R.J. Sternberg (Ed.). Writing successful grant proposals from the top down and bottom up. (pp. 37-48). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications. [PDF]


Holley, S. R., Haase, C. M., & Levenson, R. W. (2013). Age related changes in demand withdraw communication behaviors. Journal of Marriage and Family, 75, 822-836. [PDF]

Haase, C.M., Saslow, L.R., Bloch, L., Saturn, S.R., Casey, J.J., Seider, B.H., Lane, J., Coppola, G., & Levenson, R.W. (2013). The 5-HTTLPR polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene moderates the association between emotional behavior and changes in marital satisfaction over time. Emotion, 13, 1068-1079. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2013). Emotion and emotion regulation. In D. Hermans, B. Rimé, & B. Mesquita (Eds.).  Changing Emotions. (pp. 105-112). New York: Psychology Press.  [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2013). Selfless cells: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration and emotional functioning. In D. Stuss & R.T. Knight (Eds.). Principles of Frontal Lobe Function. (pp. 673-679). New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Sturm, V.E., Sollberger, M., Seeley, W.W., Rankin, K.P., Ascher, E.A., Rosen, H.J., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2013). Role of right pregenual anterior cingulate cortex in self-conscious emotional reactivity. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8, 468-474. [PDF]

Roberts, N. A., Leonard, R. C., Butler, E. A., Levenson, R. W., & Kanter, J. W. (2013). Job stress and dyadic synchrony in police marriages: A preliminary investigation. Family Process, 52, 271-283. [PDF]

Gyurak, A., Haase, C.M., Sze, J., Goodkind, M.S., Coppola, G., Lane, J., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2013). The effect of the serotonin transporter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) on empathic and self-conscious emotional reactivity. Emotion, 13, 25-35. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Haase, C.M., Bloch, L., Holley, S.R., & Seider, B.H. (2013). Emotion regulation in couples. In J.J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation. (pp. 267-283). New York: Guilford Press. [PDF]


Sze, J. A., Gyurak, A., Goodkind, M. S., & Levenson, R. W. (2012). Greater emotional empathy and prosocial behavior in late life. Emotion, 12, 1129-1140. [PDF]

Gyurak, A., Goodkind, M.S., Kramer, J.H., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2012). Executive functions and the down-regulation and up-regulation of emotion. Cognition and Emotion, 26, 103-118. [PDF]

Shiota, M. N., & Levenson, R. W. (2012). Turn down the volume or change the channel? Emotional effects of detached versus positive reappraisal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 416-429. [PDF]

Haase, C. M., Seider, B. H., Shiota, M. N., & Levenson, R. W. (2012). Anger and sadness in response to an emotionally neutral film: Evidence for age-specific associations with well-being. Psychology and Aging, 27, 305-317. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Ekman, P., & Ricard, M. (2012). Meditation and the startle response: A case study. Emotion, 12, 650-658. [PDF]

Eckart, J.A., Sturm, V.E., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2012). Diminished disgust reactivity in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia. Neuropsychologia, 50, 786-790. [PDF]

Sze, J.A., Goodkind, M.S., Gyurak, A., & Levenson, R.W. (2012). Aging and emotion recognition: Not just a losing matter. Psychology and Aging, 27, 940-950. [PDF]

Soto, J.A., Roberts, N.A., Pole, N., Levenson, R.W., Burleson, M.H., King, A.R., & Breland-Noble, A. (2012). Elevated baseline anxiety among African Americans in laboratory research settings. Journal of Psychophysiology, 26, 105-115. [PDF]

Goodkind, M.S., Sollberger, M., Gyurak, A., Rosen, H.J., Rankin, K.P., Miller, B., & Levenson, R. (2012). Tracking emotional valence: The role of the orbitofrontal cortex. Human Brain Mapping, 33, 753-762. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (2011). Maureen O'Sullivan (1939-2010). American Psychologist, 66, 640. [PDF]

Olney, N.T., Goodkind, M.S., Lomen-Hoerth, C., Whalen, P.K., Williamson, C.A., Holley, D.E., Verstaen, A., Brown, L.M., Miller, B.L., Kornak, J., Levenson, R.W., & Rosen, H.J. (2011). Behaviour, physiology and experience of pathological laughing and crying in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Brain, 134, 3458-3469. [PDF]

Sturm, V.E., & Levenson, R.W. (2011). Alexithymia in neurodegenerative disease. Neurocase, 17, 242-250. [PDF]

Sturm, V.E., McCarthy, M.E., Yun, I., Madan, A., Yuan, J.W., Holley, S.R., Ascher, E.A., Boxer, A.L., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2011). Mutual gaze in Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal and semantic dementia couples. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6, 359-367. [PDF]

Seider, B.H., Shiota, M.N., Whalen, P., & Levenson, R.W. (2011). Greater sadness reactivity in late life. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6, 186-194. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2011). Basic emotion questions. Emotion Review, 3, 379-386. [PDF]


Holley S.R., Sturm V.E., & Levenson R.W. (2010).  Exploring the basis for gender differences in the demand-withdraw pattern. Journal of Homosexuality, 57, 666-84. [PDF]

Sze, J.A., Gyurak, A., Yuan, J.W., & Levenson, R.W. (2010). Coherence between emotional experience and physiology: Does body awareness training have an impact? Emotion, 10, 803-14. [PDF]

Yuan, J.W., McCarthy, M., Holley, S.R., & Levenson, R.W. (2010). Physiological down-regulation and positive emotion in marital interaction. Emotion, 10, 467-474. [PDF]

Goodkind, M.S., Gyurak, A., McCarthy, M., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2010). Emotion regulation deficits in frontotemporal lobar degeneration and Alzheimer's disease. Psychology and Aging, 25, 30-37. [PDF]

Ascher, E.A., Sturm, V.E., Seider, B.H., Holley, S.R., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2010). Relationship satisfaction and emotional language in frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease patients and spousal caregivers. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 24,49-55.  [PDF]

Cote, S., Gyurak, A., & Levenson, R.W. (2010). The ability to regulate emotion is associated with greater well-being, income, and socioeconomic status. Emotion, 10, 923-933. [PDF]

Levenson, R. W., Cowan, C. P., & Cowan, P. A. (2010). A specialty clinic model for clinical science training: Translating couples research into practice in the Berkeley Couples Clinic. In M. S. Schulz, M. K. Pruett, P. K. Kerig, & R. D. Parke (Eds.), Decade of behavior (science conference). Strengthening couple relationships for optimal child development: Lessons from research and intervention. (p. 197–209). American Psychological Association. [PDF]


Soto, J.A., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). Emotion recognition across cultures: The influence of ethnicity on empathic accuracy and physiological linkage. Emotion, 9, 874-884. [PDF]

Shiota, M.N., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). Effects of aging on experimentally instructed detached reappraisal, positive reappraisal, and emotional behavior suppression. Psychology and Aging, 24, 890-900. [PDF]

Rosen, H.J., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). The emotional brain: Combining insights from patients and basic science. Neurocase, 15, 173-181. [PDF]

Seider, B.H., Hirschberger, G., Nelson, K.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). We can work it out: Age differences in relational pronouns, physiology, and behavior in marital conflict. Psychology and Aging, 24, 604-613. [PDF]

Gyurak, A. Goodkind, M.S., Madan, A., Kramer, J.H., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). Do tests of executive functioning predict ability to down-regulate emotion spontaneously and when instructed to suppress? Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 9, 144-152. [PDF]


Sturm, V.E., Ascher, E.A., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2008). Diminished self-conscious emotional responding in frontotemporal lobar degeneration patients. Emotion, 8, 861-869. [PDF]

Crozier, J.C., Dodge, K.A., Fontaine, R.G., Lansford, J.E., Bates, J.E., Pettit, G.S., & Levenson, R.W. (2008). Social information processing and cardiac predictors of adolescent antisocial behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117, 253-267. [PDF]

Roberts, N.A., Levenson, R.W., & Gross, J.J. (2008). Cardiovascular costs of emotion suppression cross ethnic lines. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 70, 82-87. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Ascher, E., Goodkind, M., McCarthy, M.E., Sturm, V.E., & Werner, K. (2008). Laboratory testing of emotion and frontal cortex. In B. Miller & G. Goldenberg (Eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Neuropsychology and behavioral neurology. (pp. 489-498). Edinburgh: Elsevier. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W., Soto, J., & Pole, N. (2007). Emotion, biology, and culture. In S. Kitayama & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of Cultural Psycholog.(pp. 780-796). New York: Guilford Press. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2007). Emotion elicitation with neurological patients. In J.A. Coan & J.J.B. Allen (Eds.), The Handbook of Emotion Elicitation and Assessment. (pp. 158-168). New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Ruef, A.M., & Levenson, R.W. (2007). Continuous measurement of emotion. In J.A. Coan & J.J.B. Allen (Eds.). The Handbook of Emotion Elicitation and Assessment. (pp. 286-297). New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Shiota, M.N., & Levenson, R.W. (2007). Birds of a feather don't always fly farthest: Similarity in Big Five personality predicts more negative marital satisfaction trajectories in long-term marriages. Psychology and Aging, 22, 666-675. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., & Miller, B.L. (2007). Loss of cells – loss of self. Frontotemporal lobar degeneration and human emotion. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 289-294. [PDF]

Werner, K.H., Roberts, N.A., Rosen, H.J., Dean, D.L., Kramer, J.H., Weiner, M.W., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2007). Emotional reactivity and emotion recognition in frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Neurology, 69, 148-155. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2007). The future of the clinical science movement: Challenges, issues, and opportunities. In T.A. Treat, R.R. Bootzin, & T.B. Baker (Eds.), Psychological Clinical Science. Papers in honor of Richard M. McFall (pp. 349-360). New York: Psychology Press. [PDF]


Ekman, P., & Levenson, R.W. (2006). Inside the psychologist’s studio. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 270-276. [PDF]

Tsai, J.L., Levenson, R.W., & McCoy, K. (2006). Cultural and Temperamental Variation in Emotional Response. Emotion, 6, 484-497. [PDF]

Hagemann, T., Levenson, R.W., & Gross, J.J. (2006). Expressive suppression during an acoustic startle. Psychophysiology, 43, 104-112. [PDF]

Rosen, H.J., Wilson, M.R., Schauer, G.F., Allison, S., Gorno-Tempini, M.L., Pace-Savitsky, C., Kramer, J.H., Levenson, R.W., Weiner, M., & Miller, B.L. (2006). Neuroanatomical correlates of impaired recognition of emotion in dementia. Neuropsychologia, 44, 365-373. [PDF]

Sturm, V.E., Rosen, H.J., Allison, S., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2006). Self-conscious emotion deficits in frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Brain, 129, 2508-2516. [PDF]

Roberts, N.A., & Levenson, R.W. (2006). Subjective, behavioral, and physiological reactivity to ethnicallm atched and ethnically mismatched film clips. Emotion, 6, 635-646. [PDF]


Soto, J.A., Levenson, R.W., Ebling, R. (2005). Cultures of moderation and expression: Emotional experience, behavior, and physiology in Chinese Americans and Mexican Americans. Emotion, 5, 154-165. [PDF]

Kunzmann, U., Kupperbusch, C.S., & Levenson R. W. (2005). Behavioral inhibitions and amplification during emotional arousal: A comparison of two age groups. Psychology and Aging, 20, 144-158. [PDF]

Mauss, I. B., Levenson, R.W., McCarter, L, Wilhelm, F.H., & Gross, J.J. (2005). The tie that binds? Coherence among emotion experience, behavior, and physiology. Emotion, 5, 175-190. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (2004). Blood, sweat, and fears: The autonomic architecture of emotion. In P. Ekman, J.J. Campos, R.J. Davidson, & F.B.M. de Waal. Emotions Inside Out. New York: The New York Academy of Sciences. [PDF]

Rosen, H.J., Pace-Savitsky, K., Perry, R.J., Kramer, J.H., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2004). Recognition of emotion in the frontal and temporal variants of frontotemporal dementia. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 17, 277-81. [PDF]

Woolley, J.D., Gorno-Tempini, M.L., Werner, K., Rankin, K.P., Ekman, P., Levenson, R.W., & Miller, B.L. (2004).  The autonomic and behavioral profile of emotional dysregulation. Neurology, 63, 1740-1743. [PDF]

Roberts, N.A., Beer, J.S., Werner, K.H., Scabini, D., Levens, S.M., Knight, R.T., Levenson, R.W. (2004). The impact of orbital prefrontal cortex damage on emotional activation to unanticipated and anticipated acoustic startle stimuli. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 4, 307-316. [PDF]

Bensafi, M., Brown, W. M. Khan, R., Levenson, R. W., Sobel, N. (2004). Sniffing human sex-steroid derived compound modulates mood, memory and autonomic nervous system function in specific behavioral contexts. Behavioral Brain Research, 152, 11-12. [PDF]

Bensafi, M., Tstutsui, T., Khan, R., Levenson, R. W., Sobel, N. (2004). Sniffing a human sex-steroid derived compound affects mood and autonomic arousal in a dose-dependent manner. Psychoneuroendrocrinology, 29, 1290-1299. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (2003). For distinguished contributions to psychophysiology: Arne Öhman. Psychophysiology, 40, 317-321. [PDF]

Beach, S.R.H., Katz, J., Kim S., & Brody, G.H. (2003). Prospective effects of marital satisfaction on depressive symptoms in established marriages: A dyadic model. Journal of Personal Relationships, 20, 0256-4075. [PDF]

Pole, N., Treuting, J. J., & Levenson, R.W. (2003). Teaching about culture, ethnicity, and mental health. In P. Bronstein & K. Quina (Eds). Teaching Gender and Multicultural Awareness. (pp. 155-167). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M., Levenson, R.W., Swanson, C., Swanson, K., Tyson, R., & Yoshimoto, D. (2003). Observing gay, lesbian, and heterosexual couples’ relationships: Mathematical modeling of conflict interaction. Journal of Homosexuality, 45, 65-91. [PDF]

Bensafi, M., Brown, W.M., Tsutsui, T., Mainland, J.D., Johnson, B.N., Bremner, E.A., Young, N., Mauss, I., Ray, B., Gross, J., Richards, J., Stappen, I., Levenson, R.W., & Sobel, N. (2003). Sex-steroid derived compounds induce sex-specific effects on autonomic nervous system function in humans. Behavioral Neuroscience, 117, 1125-1134. [PDF]

Kupperbusch, C., Levenson, R.W., & Ebling, R. (2003). Predicting husbands’ and wives’ retirement satisfaction from the emotional qualities of marital interaction. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20, 335-354. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2003). Autonomic specificity and emotion. In R.J. Davidson, K.R. Scherer, & H.H. Goldsmith (Eds.). Handbook of Affective Sciences.  (pp. 212-224). New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Tsai, J.L., Pole, N., Levenson, R.W., & Muñoz, R.F. (2003). The effects of depression on the emotional responses of Spanish-speaking Latinas. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 9, 49-63. [PDF]

Ebling, R., & Levenson, R.W. (2003). Who are the marital experts? Journal of Marriage and Family, 65, 130-142. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M., Levenson, R.W., Gross, J., Fredrickson, B.L., McCoy, K., Rosenthal, L., Ruef, A., & Yoshimoto, D. (2003). Correlates of gay and lesbian couples’ relationship satisfaction and relationship dissolution. Journal of Homosexuality, 45, 23-43. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (2002). A two-factor model for predicting when a couple will divorce: Exploratory analyses using 14-year longitudinal data. Family Processes, 41, 83-96. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (2002). Generating hypotheses after 14 years of marital followup; or how should one speculate? Reply to DeKay, Greeno, and Houck. Family Processes, 41, 105-110. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Ekman, P. (2002). Difficulty does not account for emotion-specific heart rate changes in the directed facial action task. Psychophysiology, 39, 397-405. [PDF]

Rosen, H.J., Perry, R.J., Murphy, J., Kramer, J.H., Mychack, P., Schuff, N., Weiner, M., Levenson, R.W., & Miller, B.L. (2002). Emotion comprehension in the temporal variant of frontotemporal dementia. Brain, 125, 2286-2295. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M., Levenson, R.W., & Woodin, E. (2001). Facial expressions during marital conflict. Journal of Family Communication, 1, 37-57. [PDF]

Roberts, N.A. & Levenson, R.W. (2001). The remains of the workday: Impact of job stress and exhaustion on marital interaction in police couples. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 63, 1052-1067. [PDF]

Perry, R.J., Rosen, H.R., Kramer, J.H., Beer, J.S., Levenson, R.W., & Miller, B.L. (2001). Hemispheric dominance for emotions, empathy, and social behavior: Evidence from right and left handers with frontotemporal dementia. Neurocase, 7, 145-160. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (2000). The timing of divorce: Predicting when a couple will divorce over a 14-year period. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 737-745. [PDF]

Tsai, J.L., Levenson, R.W., & Carstensen, L.L. (2000). Autonomic, subjective, and expressive responses to emotional films in older and younger Chinese Americans and European Americans. Psychology and Aging, 15, 684-693. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2000). Expressive, physiological, and subjective changes in emotion across adulthood. In. S.H. Qualls & N. Abeles (Eds.).  Psychology and the Aging Revolution: How We Adapt to Longer Life. (pp. 123-140). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1999). The intrapersonal functions of emotion. Cognition and Emotion, 13, 481-504. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1999). How stable is marital interaction over time? Family Processes, 38, 159-165. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M., & Levenson, R.W. (1999). Rebound from marital conflict and divorce prediction. Family Processes, 38, 287-292. [PDF]

Pasupathi, M., Carstensen, L.L., Levenson, R.W., & Gottman, J.M. (1999). Responsive listening in long-married couples: A psycholinguistic perspective. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 23, 173-193. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1999). Dysfunctional marital conflict: Women are being unfairly blamed. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 31(3/4), 1-17. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1999). What predicts change in marital interaction over time? A study of alternative models. Family Process, 38, 143-158. [PDF]


Fredrickson, B.L. & Levenson, R.W. (1998). Positive emotions speed recovery from the cardiovascular sequelae of negative emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 12, 191-220. [PDF]


Tsai, J.L. & Levenson, R.W. (1997). Cultural influences on emotional responding: Chinese American and European American dating couples during conflict. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 28, 600-625. [PDF]

Gross, J.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1997). Hiding feelings: The acute effects of inhibiting negative and positive emotion. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 95-103. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Ruef, A.M. (1997). Physiological aspects of emotional knowledge and rapport. In W. Ickes (Ed.), Empathic Accuracy. (pp. 44-72). New York: Guilford Press. [PDF]


Carstensen L.L., Graff, J., Levenson, R.W., & Gottman, J.M. (1996). Affect in intimate relationships: The developmental course of marriage. In C. Magai & S.H. McFadden (Eds.), Handbook of Emotion: Adult Development and Aging. (pp.227-247). Orlando, Florida: Academic Press. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1996). Biological substrates of empathy and facial modulation of emotion: Two facets of the scientific legacy of John Lanzetta. Motivation and Emotion, 20, 185-204. [PDF]


Carstensen, L.L., Gottman, J.M., & Levenson, R.W. (1995). Emotional behavior in long-term marriage. Psychology and Aging, 10, 140-149. [PDF]

Gross, J.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1995). Emotion elicitation using films. Cognition and Emotion, 9, 87-108. [PDF]


Gross, J.J., Fredrickson, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (1994). The psychophysiology of crying. Psychophysiology, 31, 460-468. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Carstensen, L.L., & Gottman, J.M. (1994). The influence of age and gender on affect, physiology, and their interrelations: A study of long-term marriage. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 56-68. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1994). I. Human emotion: A functional view. II. The search for autonomic specificity. III. Emotional control: Variation and consequences. In P. Ekman & R. Davidson (Eds.). The Nature of Emotion: Fundamental Questions. New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]


Gross, J.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1993). Emotional suppression: Physiology, self-report, and expressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 970-986. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Carstensen, L.L., & Gottman, J.M. (1993). Long-term marriage: Age, gender, and satisfaction. Psychology and Aging, 8, 301-313. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1992). Autonomic nervous system differences among emotions. Psychological Science, 3, 23-27. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Ekman, P., Heider, K., & Friesen, W.V. (1992). Emotion and autonomic nervous system activity in the Minangkabau of West Sumatra. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 972-988. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Ruef, A.M. (1992). Empathy: A physiological substrate. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 234-246. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1992). Marital processes predictive of later dissolution: Behavior, physiology, and health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 221-233. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. Carstensen, L.L., Friesen, W.V., & Ekman, P. (1991). Emotion, physiology, and expression in old age. Psychology and Aging, 6, 28-35. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W., Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1990). Voluntary facial action generates emotion-specific autonomic nervous system activity. Psychophysiology, 27, 363-384. [PDF]




Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1988). The social psychophysiology of marriage. In P. Noller & M.A. Fitzpatrick (Eds.), Perspectives on Marital Interaction (pp. 182-200). Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters Ltd. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1988). Emotion and the autonomic nervous system: A prospectus for research on autonomic specificity. In H.L. Wagner (Ed.), Social Psychophysiology and Emotion: Theory and Clinical Applications. (pp. 17-42). London: Wiley. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1987). Alcohol, affect, and physiology: Positive effects in the early stages of drinking. In E. Gottheil, K.A. Druley, S. Pashko, & S.P. Weinstein (Eds.), Stress and Addiction. (pp. 173-196). New York: Brunner/Mazel. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Oyama, O.N., & Meeks, P.S. (1987). Greater reinforcement from alcohol for those at risk: Parental risk, personality risk, and gender. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 96, 242-253. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1986). Assessing the role of emotion in marriage. Behavioral Assessment, 8, 31-48. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Meek, P.S. (1986). Influence of pet dog on marital conflict resolution: A psychophysiological study [Conference session]. Presented at the Delta Society International Conference.  [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1986). Alcohol, reactivity, and the heart: Implications for coronary health and disease. In K.A. Matthews, S.M. Weiss, T. Detre, T. M. Dembroski, B. Falkner, S.B. Manuck, and R.B. Williams (Eds.), Handbook of Stress, Reactivity, and Cardiovascular Disease. (pp. 345-363). New York: Wiley. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1985). A valid procedure for obtaining self-report of affect in marital interaction. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 151-160. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Gottman, J.M. (1985). Physiological and affective predictors of change in relationship satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 85-94. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1984). Why marriages fail: Affective and physiological patterns in marital interaction. In J.C. Masters and K.L. Yarkin-Levin (Eds.), Boundary Areas in Social and Developmental Psychology.  (pp. 67-106). Orlando, Florida: Academic Press. [PDF]


Hull, J.G. Levenson, R.W., Young, R.D., & Sher, K.J. (1983). The self-awareness reducing effects of alcohol consumption. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 461-473. [PDF]

Sher, K.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1983). Alcohol and tension reduction: The importance of individual differences. In L.S. Pohorecky and J. Brick (Eds.), Stress and Alcohol Use. (pp. 121-134). Amsterdam: Elsevier. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1983). Personality research and psychophysiology: General considerations. Journal of Research in Personality, 17, 1-21. [PDF]

Thayer, J.F. & Levenson, R.W. (1983). Effects of music on psychophysiological responses to a stressful film. Psychomusicology, 3, 44-52. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Gottman, J.M. (1983). Marital interaction: Physiological linkage and affective exchange. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 587-597. [PDF]

Ekman, P., Levenson, R.W., & Friesen, W.V. (1983). Autonomic nervous system activity distinguishes among emotions. Science, 221, 1208-1210. [PDF]


Newlin, D.B. & Levenson, R.W. (1982). Cardiovascular responses of individuals with type A behavior pattern and parental coronary heart disease. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 26, 393-402. [PDF]

Sher, K.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1982). Risk for alcoholism and individual differences in the stress-response-dampening effect of alcohol. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 91, 350-367. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. & Ditto, W.B. (1981). Individual differences in ability to control heart rate: Personality, strategy, physiological, and other variables. Psychophysiology, 18, 91-100. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. & Mades, L.L. (1980). Physiological response, facial expression, and trait anxiety: Two methods for improving consistency [Conference session]. Presented at the Society for Psychophysiological Research. [PDF]

Newlin, D.B. & Levenson, R.W. (1980). Voluntary control of pulse transmission time to the ear. Psychophysiology, 17, 581-585. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Sher, K.J., Grossman, L.M., Newman, J., & Newlin, D.B. (1980). Alcohol and stress response dampening: Pharmacological effects, expectancy, and tension reduction. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 89, 528-538. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Jaffe, L.B., & McFall, R.M. (1980). Heightened responsivity to stress in nonassertive low self-confident subjects [Conference session]. Presented at the Society for Psychophysiological Research.  [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1979). Effects of thematically relevant and general stressors on specificity of response in asthmatic and non-asthmatic subjects. Psychosomatic Medicine, 41, 28-39. [PDF]

Notarius, C.I. & Levenson, R.W. (1979). Expressive tendencies and physiological response to stress. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 1204-1210. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1979). Cardiac-respiratory-somatic relationships in a multiple session heart rate control experiment. Psychophysiology, 16, 367-373. [PDF]

Newlin, D.B. & Levenson, R.W. (1979). Pre-ejection period: Measuring beta-adrenergic influences upon the heart. Psychophysiology, 16, 546-553. [PDF]


Newlin, D.B. & Levenson, R.W. (1978). Efficacy of pattern feedback for the dissociation of heart rate and respiration rate. Biological Psychology, 7, 277-285. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Gottman, J.M. (1978). Toward the assessment of social competence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 453-462. [PDF]


Glanville, B.B., Best, C.T., & Levenson, R.W. (1977). A cardiac measure of infant cerebral asymmetries in auditory perception. Developmental Psychology, 13, 54-59. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1976). Feedback effects and respiratory involvement in voluntary control of heart rate. Psychophysiology, 13, 108-114. [PDF]


Manuck, S.B., Levenson, R.W., Hinrichsen, J.J., & Gryll, S.L. (1975). The role of feedback in the voluntary control of heart rate. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 40, 747-752. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1974). Automated system for direct measurement and feedback of total respiratory resistance by the forced oscillation technique. Psychophysiology, 11, 86-90. [PDF]

Strupp, H.H., Levenson, R.W., Manuck, S.B., Snell, J.D., & Boyd, S. (1974). Effects of suggestion on total respiratory resistance in mild asthmatics. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 18, 337-346. [PDF]

Hinrichsen, J.J., Katahn, M., & Levenson, R.W. (1974). Alcohol-induced dissociation of motor, verbal, and autonomic learning with nonalcoholics. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior, 2, 293-296. [PDF]


* Co-first author.